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Asia Minor - 14 Days


14 Days – ADANA / TARSUS / ANTIOCH / CAPPADOCIA / PAMUKKALE / IZMIR / KUSADASI / BERGAMA / CANAKKALE / ASOS / BURSA / ISTANBUL

Day-1 ARRIVAL ADANA VIA ISTANBUL 

Istanbul is the modern name of the old Constantinople (Byzantium). Upon arrival at Istanbul's Ataturk International Airport, we will meet our guide, who will join us on the brief flight to Adana; the country's fourth largest city. Adana is situated some thirty miles east of Tarsus, birthplace of the St. Paul. Overnight in Adana (D) 

Day-2 ADANA / TARSUS / SELEUCIA / ANTIOCH
After breakfast at the hotel, we will drive to Tarsus to visit the St.Paul's well, the Gate of Cleopatra, and the latest excavations. Continue to visit the archaeological remains of Seleucia, the port from which St.Paul,St. Barnabas, and John Mark departed from Antioch on the St. Paul’s First Journey .  We will drive to Antioch for overnight. (B,L,D)

Day-3 ANTIOCH / CAPPADOCIA
Antioch was the headquarters journeys of St.Paul. It was the third largest city of the Roman Empire, rivaled only by Rome and Alexandria. St. Peter, St.Paul, Barnabas and Timothy all preached in this place where Jesus followers were first called Christians. We will visit the cave where they met in secret where St. Peter first celebrated Mass. South of the church, The Iron Gate was one of the actual entrances of Biblical Antioch; strolling through the old part of the city, you cannot help recalling the saints who walked these old streets, for little has changed since that time. St.Paul and Silas departed from here on the second missionary journey . Discover the impact of leaders such as Ignatius of Antioch and John Chrysostom. Pilgrims from Cappadocia were assemble with the thousands in Jerusalem on the Day of Pentecost when they received the initial baptism of the Holy Spirit and heard the Apostle Pter preach his powerful message. We will travel to Cappadocia’s scenic Ihlara Valley, when early Christians carved some 3,500 cave churches from the tufa rock. The beauty and quaintness of the chapels, with numerous wall painting and Christian symbols, is astonishing. Persecuted Christians tens of thousands of them – escaping into the earth to flee Arab invaders in the tenth century, tunneled out more that twenty underground cities of refuge here in Cappadocia. Such cities, with carved rooms for kitchens, sleeping quarters, stables, and chapels for worship, descend five to ten stories into the earth. You will enjoy your own-guided tour to one of the best-preserved underground cities in Cappadocia, the city of Kaymakli. Overnight in Cappadocia (B,L,D)

Day-4 CAPPADOCIA
Welcome to Central Anatolia, where a dozen empires have risen and fallen, as their massive armies moved back and forth across this "land bridge" between Europe and Asia. Cappadocia, with its center in Caesarea (Kayseri), was once the heart of the Hittite Kingdom of the Old Testament. This vast area is one of the most photogenic landscapes in the world. Extraordinary rock formations have become symbolic of this region, where you will enjoy the Valley of the Fairy Chimneys and Goreme's breathtaking Open Air Museum. Watch the potters at their craft, in the famous pottery producing town of Avanos. Finally, savor the natural wonders of the Citadel of Uchisar and Zelve Valley. Overnight in Cappadocia (B,L,D)

Day-5 SULTANHANI / LYSTRA / ICONIUM
We will drive to the Sultanhani Caravansary for a fascinating look at one of the rest stops for ancient camel caravans. Along the trade routes, such caravansaries appeared at intervals of some twenty-five miles, the average distance that camels could travel in a day. Continue on to Lystra, where a mob stoned St. Paul during his first journey, and where Timothy joined him during the second journey. Depart for Iconium, where St.Paul preached and encouraged believers during his first missionary journey. Iconıum was once the home of the sect of mystical Muslims called Swirling Dervishes. Overnight in Konya(B,L,D)

Day-6 ANTIOCH OF PISIDIA / COLOSSAE / HIERAPOLIS
We will drive to Pisidian Antioch, where nearly the whole city came to hear St.Paul preach during his first missionary journey. The marvelous excavations include the ancient church and the great first-century Temple of Augustus. Today, we will travel the Royal Road that once connected Ephesus with distant Babylon. Visit the unexcavated site of ancient Colossae by the village of Honaz. The St.Paul wrote one of his prison epistles to the church at Colossae , a city situated on the Lycus River. At Hierapolis (Pamukkale), enjoy the "Cotton Castles" of brilliant white calcium rock formations and hot-water travertines, where hot mineral waters emerge from the earth and cascade over cliffs. As the water cools, the calcium precipitates and clings to the cliffs, forming snowy white travertines (waterfalls of white stone), which give credence to the name Pamukkale, which means "cotton castle", from the two words "pamuk" (cotton) and "kale" (castle). The travertines form shallow pools supported by colorful stalactites. This enchanting place is one of the natural wonders of Asia Minor. The churches here in Hierapolis,Colosae, and Laodicea once flourished under the ministry of Epaphras,brilliant white calcium rock formations and hot-water travertines, where hot mineral waters emerge from the earth and cascade over cliffs. As the water cools, the calcium precipitates and clings to the cliffs, forming snowy white travertines (waterfalls of white stone), which give credence to the name Pamukkale, which means "cotton castle", from the two words "pamuk" (cotton) and "kale" (castle). The travertines form shallow pools supported by colorful stalactites. This enchanting place is one of the natural wonders of Asia Minor. The churches here in Hierapolis, Colosae, and Laodicea once flourished under the ministry of Epaphras . Overnight in Pamukkale (B,L,D)

Day-7 HIERAPOLIS / LAODICEA / PHILADELPHIA / SARDIS / SMYRNA
We will explore incredible excavations at Hierapolis, including a Byzantine church, the Great Theatre, the Temple of Apollo, and the Plutonium, which pagan cults once called "the entrance to hell". Examine the intriguing sites of the Churches of Revelation. Laodicea  will take you back to the first century. At Philadelphia, your Bible will come alive as you read it in light of firsthand study. This city was located along the important trade route that linked Pergamum in the north with Laodicea to the south. In A.D. 17, an earthquake devastated twelve Asian cities, including Philadelphia, and for a time the people lived in fear of aftershocks. Philadelphia was rebuilt with help from Emperor Tiberius. At Sardis, your thoughts will turn to the Old Testament period following the 586 B.C. destruction of Jerusalem. That was the time when the phrase "rich as Croesus" originated. Croesus was the king of Lydia, and Sardis was his capital. Gold was discovered in the Pactolus River at Sasrdis and it was here that coinage began, as we know it. Cyrus and the Persians defeated and captured Croesus for all his wealth and made Sardis the administrative center for the western part of their empire. The fabled Royal Road connected Sardis with the Persian cities to the east. Sardis was the hardest hit of the twelve cities destroyed in the earthquake of A.D. 17. Emperor Tiberius, according to the Annals of the historian Tacitus, gave much relief towards its rebuilding. Your visit to Sardis will include the imperial court and the ancient Jewish synagogue. You will rest in the shade of the Temple of Artemis, while studying in the light of prophetic Scripture. Overnight in Izmir (B,L,D)

Day-8 SMYRNA / MILETUS / DIDYMA
Visit the ramparts of Smyrna's Velvet Castle, built in the fourth century B.C. by Alexander the Great on Mount Pagus. (The fortress walls were said to resemble rubbed velvet.) During the first Christian century, in the stadium that once stood on the hill below Mount Pagus, Polycarp, friend of the StJohn and pastor of the church at Smyrna, was arrested by the Roman governor and tried in a public gathering. An angry mob burned him for "treason". He had refused to curse Christ and to acknowledge Caesar as his sovereign. Just before his martyrdom, Polycarp said, "Eighty and six years have I served Him, and He never did me any injury: how then can I blaspheme my King and my Savior?" Still standing is part of the agora built by Emperor Marcus Aurelius in the third century. Today, Smyrna is the country's major Aegean port and third largest city. Drive to Miletos, home of ancient philosopher Thales (640-546 B.C.), one of the fathers of Greek geometry, astronomy, and philosophy. It was here, in the first Christian century, that the St.paul, on his third missionary journey, called for the Ephesian elders and preached a powerful message to them. It was also here that St.Paul left his friend Trophimus, who was too ill to continue (II Timothy 4:20). As a port at the mouth of the Meander River,Miletos was a natural outlet for Phrygian trade. Like the one at Ephesus, however, Miletos's sea harbor eventually filled with silt, and commerce dwindled. The city's remote quietness makes it special to devout students of Scripture. Its ancient ruins include the marvelous 15,000-seat theatre. Nearby, at Didyma, visit the massive Temple to Apollo, one of the most impressive sites in Anatolia. Ordinary people did not reside in ancient Didyma. This was home only to a priestly family whose oracle came from Delphi and who lived in luxury, as they guarded their temple treasuries supplied by the people they deceived. Overnight in Kusadasi (B,L,D)

Day-9 EPHESUS
Ephesus , major port city on the Aegean, was the commercial, political, and religious center of all of Asia Minor. After a lunatic completely burned the Temple of Diana (Artemis) on the night that Alexander the Great was born in 356 B.C., the Ephesians worked for 120 years to complete a magnificent reconstructed temple, one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world. The city became part of the Roman Empire in the second century B.C. As a Roman capital of Asia Minor, Ephesus boasted a population approaching 250,000 people. The St.Paul's first visit to Ephesus was brief - during his second missionary tour (Acts 18:19-21). His second visit lasted about three years - during his third missionary tour (Acts 19:1 to 20:31). Luke's account of the worship of Diana appears in Acts 19:34-35. The Great Theatre (stadium) mentioned in Acts 19:29-31 could seat 25,000 people. Walk the marble-paved street with grooves made by chariot wheels. See the Fountain of Trajan, the Library of Celsus, and the Great Theatre. Visit the Chapel of the Virgin Mary (Double Church), where the Third Ancient Council convened. Enjoy St.John's Basilica (built on the site of the St.John's tomb), and ponder the remains of the Temple of Diana. Finally, enjoy a visit to the Ephesus Museum. Overnight in Kusadasi (B,L,D)

Day-10 THYATIRA / PERGAMUM
Today, we will visit our final two of the seven churches of ook of Revelation. At Thyatira , you will see the ruins of an ancient commercial center, located in the fertile valley where the trade route passed. One of the town's cloth and dye merchants was a woman named Lydia, who conducted business as far away asPhilippi, where she became the first European convert to Christianity, during St. Paul’s second missionary journey. A most memorable experience will be Pergamum, with its acropolis and Great Theatre, the steepest of the ancient world. Revelation 2:12-16 describes the city as "where Satan's seat is", a reference to the altar of Zeus, where we pause for reflection on the fulfillment of Scripture. Nearby, visit the Red Basilica; once a pagan temple, it later converted into a Christian church. Finally, walk thru the Pergamum Asclepion, the famous medical center of antiquity. Overnight in Ayvalik (B,L,D)

Day-11 TROY / TROAS / ASSOS / BURSA
Enjoy a fascinating visit to recent excavations of ancient Troy, made legendary by Homer's story of Helen and the Trojans' wooden horse. Then drive to Troas, founded about 300 B.C. by one of the generals of Alexandria the Great. During the St.Paul’s Second Journey, it was from Troas that he received the "Macedonian call" to Europe. This is where Luke's account changes from "they" to "we" ,indicating that he joined St.Paul’s team at Troas. Returning from Macedonia during his third journey. St Paul was in Troas for a week, when the the young man Eutychus fell from the third loft as St.Paul preached. St.Paul soon walked some thirty miles to Assos, where we will follow the apostle’s footsteps to the old city walls.  You will walk the old marketplace of Assos and see the council chamber and Temple to Athena. Continue on to Bursa for a visit to its centuries- old silk market. Overnight in Bursa (B,L,D)

Day-12 NICEA / ISTANBUL
At Nicea, you will see remains of Constantine's palace, now covered by the water at the shore of Lake Iznik. It was here in this palace chapel that the First Ancient Church Council convened in A.D. 325 to produce the Nicene Creed. Enjoy Nicea's St. Sophia Church, where the Seventh Church Council convened in 787. Continue to Istanbul for lunch at the Spice Bazaar. Istanbul, the world's only city that spans two continents, was originally "Byzantium"; it became "Constantinople" in A.D. 330, when Emperor Constantine renamed it for himself and built a palace here. It became "Istanbul" in 1453. Experience the unique markets, peddlers, and stalls selling almonds, pistachios, iced drinks, and black coffee - a vigorous anthill of Turkish life. Relax on a Bosphorus cruise on a private boat. Finally, enjoy an orientation drive of the city. Overnight in Istanbul(B,L,D)

Day-13 ISTANBUL
Today's visits begin with Istanbul's Hippodrome, once a stadium with 100,000 seats, where chariot races and circuses often degenerated into violence. Visit the nearby Blue Mosque. The Second Church Council (381) met in the Church of St. Irene, the first church ever built in Istanbul. You will visit the fifteenth-century Topkapi Palace of the Ottoman Sultans. In the first court of this palace stands the Church of St. Irene, the city's cathedral church until the Church of Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom) was completed in 360. After rioters burned both churches to the ground in 532, Emperor Justinian rebuilt them to their present grand scale. Upon entering his newly built Hagia Sophia for the first time, Justinian exclaimed, "Glory to God that I have been judged worthy of such a work. Oh Solomon, I have outdone you!" Enjoy your visit to the Hagia Sophia, where the 5th Church Council met in 553. For a thousand years, this was the largest church in Christendom. When Mehmet the Conqueror made it a mosque in 1453, he added four minarets (prayer towers). The building has not been used as a mosque since 1935, when it became the Museum of Byzantine Art. The four minarets remain. Conclude your day with a visit to the Grand Bazaar, an ancient covered market of some 4,000 shops. Overnight in Istanbul (B,L,D)

Day-14 ISTANBUL / HOMEBOUND FLIGHT
Memories of these two weeks will last a lifetime.  (B)



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